Independent, Negotiable, Valuable, Estimable, Small, Testable (short: Invest) describes the parameters that are considered or should be fulfilled when defining the product backlog items.
Product Backlogs are used in the context of agile software development and contain all requirements that must be fulfilled by the product to be created (e.g. a software). A product backlog item corresponds to a single requirement of the entire product backlog. This means that each requirement of the product backlog should be independent, negotiable, valuable, estimable, small and testable, and should be associated with little or manageable effort.

Why this is interesting for a Chief Digital Officer (CDO)?
Scrum is a form of agile business. Today, many agree that digitalization only works agilely in companies. Many New Work followers also see it this way. For this reason Scrum is important for Chief Digital Officer (CDO) to know. A wide variety of startups have also developed special adaptions (e.g. Spotify). For corporates there are also special adaptations of the Scrum Model (e.g. SAFe), so that you can work fast and structured agile. Because often there are large resistances in traditional structures. Perhaps these approaches can help to break up encrusted structures and transform the company into an agile startup. This can free up a lot of energy. However, this should go hand in hand with sensible change management. Otherwise there is a great danger that agile will become chaos.

See also (glossary Scrum):

External links:


My name is Jan Puder (LinkedIn profile Jan Puder). I am the founder & CEO of the BusinessTech-Company. Me and the BusinessTech-Company want to push the digital frontier. This is the reason, why I started this website. I want to provide information about digital businesses, especially for Chief Digital Officers.

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